2014-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2014 Volume 4: Recycling & Secondary Battery

Editors:Kongoli F
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2014
Pages:498 pages
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Mechanistic understanding of lithiation processes in silicon-based nanomaterials

    Gyeong Hwang1;
    1THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN, Austin, United States;
    Type of Paper: Invited
    Id Paper: 248
    Topic: 12


    Silicon-based alloys, composites and nanostructures have received great attention as a possible replacement of conventional carbon-based anodes due to their higher lithium storage capacity. However, still fundamental aspects of lithiation processes and properties in Si-based nanomaterials remain largely ambiguous, despite their importance in overcoming many technical hurdles faced in practical use. Using first principles-based atomistic modeling, we have explored lithiation mechanisms in various Si-based nanosystems including nanowires, composites, oxides, and alloys. In this talk, I will present our recent progress in understanding the impacts of surfaces, interfaces and alloying elements on the properties and performance of Si-based anode materials for Li-ion batteries. Our first principles study shows that the lithiation behavior of Si nanostructures and composites is considerably different from the case of bulk Si because of surface and interface effects. For instance, the mobility of Li along the surface or interface tends to be significantly enhanced by several factors. We also find that by alloying Si with certain metal (M) elements, the theoretical capacity is compromised slightly, but in return the Si-M network may help stabilize the lithiated host matrix and therefore contributes to the improved cycling performance. I will also briefly touch on the importance of alloy composition and local atomic environment in determining the lithiation properties and performance. The improved understanding can contribute to the rational design of Si-based anode materials to maximize capacity retention and rate performance.

    Cite this article as:

    Hwang G. Mechanistic understanding of lithiation processes in silicon-based nanomaterials. In: Kongoli F, editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2014 Volume 4: Recycling & Secondary Battery. Volume 4. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2014. p. 389-390.