2014-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2014 Volume 7: Energy Production, Environmental & Multiscale

Editors:Kongoli F
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2014
Pages:528 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-09-6
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Polymer Structure and Dynamics in Polymer / Layered-Silicate Nanocomposites

    Spiros H. Anastasiadis1;
    1INSTITUTE OF ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE AND LASER, FOUNDATION FOR RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY-HELLAS, Heraklion Crete, Greece;
    Type of Paper: Invited
    Id Paper: 333
    Topic: 18

    Abstract:

    Polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites are of particular interest among different nanohybrids because of their anticipated superior properties. Mixing polymers with layered inorganic materials can lead to three different types of structure, depending on the specific interactions between the constituents: phase separated, intercalated and exfoliated. Intercalated hybrids are also model systems for the study of the static and dynamic properties of macromolecules in nano-confinement.
    We describe our recent efforts to elucidate the effects of severe confinement utilizing hydrophilic nanohybrids of PEO or hyperbranched polymers mixed with Na+-MMT. Intercalated hybrids with mono-, bi- and tri-layers of chains are obtained for all compositions covering the complete range from pure polymer to pure clay. Severe confinement influences significantly the structure of the polymer: the PEO chains intercalated within the inorganic galleries as well as those in close proximity to the outside walls are purely amorphous; it is only when there is large amount of excess polymer outside the completely filled galleries that the bulk polymer crystallinity is abruptly recovered. The dynamics of the polymers confined within the galleries is probed by quasi-elastic neutron scattering and dielectric spectroscopy. The very local dynamics of the confined chains show similarities with those in bulk, whereas the segmental dynamics, probed at temperatures above the bulk Tg, depend very strongly on the polymer/inorganic interactions varying from much faster to much slower or even frozen dynamics as the strength of the interactions increases.

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    Cite this article as:

    Anastasiadis S. Polymer Structure and Dynamics in Polymer / Layered-Silicate Nanocomposites. In: Kongoli F, editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2014 Volume 7: Energy Production, Environmental & Multiscale. Volume 7. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2014. p. 497-498.