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2015-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2015 Volume 2: Gudenau Intl. Symp. / Iron and Steel Making

Editors:Kongoli F, Kleinschmidt G, Pook H, Ohno K, Wu K
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2015
Pages:340 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-25-6
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)

    The Development Of Steel Industry In Iran By Direct Reduction/ Electric Arc Furnace

    Nasser Towhidi1; Mohamad Hosein Monzavi2; Armin Rayhanizadeh3;
    1UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran); 2, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran); 3, Karaj, Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran);
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 482
    Topic: 2

    Abstract:

    The reason for installation of Direct Reduction (DR) methods in Iran such as Mirex, Purofer, HYL, Ghaem, Pred, Zam-Zam, Gowhar and Kowsar is the availability and low-cost of natural gas as reducing and heating agent compared to not suitable coal for production of metallurgical coke for conventional Iron production in Blast furnace.<br />The First Iron and Steel plant in Iran on DR Methods started in 1977 in Ahwaz Steel Complex. In 2014, the production of DR was 16.35 mt in 16 plant and 18 plant are under installation. Steel production based on Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) in Iran in 2014 in 29 plant is 18.21 mt and the plant under installation by EAF are 26. In this Paper, the development of DR in Iran such as Ghaem, Pred, Zam-Zam, Gowhar and Kowsar specifications will be presented. Moreover, the iron ore, pellet, DR and steel and roll making capacity of plant under production will be presented also.

    Keywords:

    Energy; Extraction; Furnace; Gas; Iron; Process; Steel; Sustainability; Technology;

    References:

    [1] N. Towhidi, Resources and trends in Iranian Steelmaking, Iron and Steel International, June 1982.
    [2] Middle East Meyar Sanat Co. (MEMSECO), Asyn Steel Engineering Co. data bank, IMIDRO, 2014.
    [3] Word Direct Reduction Statistics, Midrex Technologies Inc., 2014, (www.midrex.com).
    [4] Taheri, MMTE, DRI Production in Iran, 2nd world DRI & Pellet Congress, Abu-Dhabi, 28-30 April 2012.
    [5] N. Towhidi, J. Szekely. Reduction Kinetics of Commercial grade low silica hematite pellet with CO-H2 mixture over temperature range 600- 1234 oC, Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 1981, No. 6, pp. 237-250.
    [6] Internal document.
    [7] Khuzestan Steel Company (KSC), website, 2014.
    [8] Mobarake Steel Complex, website, 2014.
    [9] N. Towhidi, A. Sadeghi, Ghaem Direct Reduction, International Conference, Pre-reduction Products and Europe, Milan-Italy, 23-24 Sep. 1996.
    [10] Iranian Mines & Mining Industries Development & Renovation (IMIDRO), 2014.
    [11] South Kaveh Steel Co., website, 2014.
    [12] Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation steel committee, Organization for economic co-operation &development, 10 march 2015.
    [13] Khorasan Steel Company, website, 2014.
    [14] Ghadir Iranian Iron &Steel Co., website, 2014.
    [15] MME Mines and Metals Engineering, http://www.mme-co.de/en/Home/pered.html
    [16] Midrex direct reduction Iron making Technologies website, 2015.
    [17] Arfa Iron &Steel Co., website, 2014.
    [18] Mines and Metals Technological Engineering (MMTE.ir).

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    Cite this article as:

    Towhidi N, Monzavi M, Rayhanizadeh A. The Development Of Steel Industry In Iran By Direct Reduction/ Electric Arc Furnace. In: Kongoli F, Kleinschmidt G, Pook H, Ohno K, Wu K, editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2015 Volume 2: Gudenau Intl. Symp. / Iron and Steel Making. Volume 2. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2015. p. 101-114.