2015-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2015 Volume 4: Meech Intl. Symp. / Mining Operations

Editors:Kongoli F, Veiga MM, Anderson C
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2015
Pages:275 pages
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Review of Canadian Indigenous Mining Policy Frameworks

    Stephanie Zimmerling1;
    1, Ottawa, Canada;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 524
    Topic: 4


    The goal of this report is to review and evaluate elements of existing Canadian Indigenous Mining (Mineral)Policy frameworks to determine commonalties and unique principles. This report will explore the initially evaluation of policies using a high-level matrix developed initially to categorize common elements found in the policies. While the matrix was successful in identifying the common topics, it was not able to capture more subtle variances between policies in each category. This report serves as a more in-depth evaluation and comparison of the policies. The goal of this report is to understand the themes present within Canadian Indigenous Mining (Mineral) Policy and to formulate recommendations to other First Nations looking to develop their own Mining (Mineral) Policy.
    The Mining Policies considered were launched and developed under different contexts. All polices focus, at least in part, on mineral exploration and development. The Canadian Indigenous Mineral Policies reviewed as part of this research include:

    • Taku River Tlingit First Nation, 2007, Mining Policy. BC
    • Cree First Nation. 2010. Cree Nation Mining Policy
    • Northern Secwepemc te Qelmucw. 2014, Northern Secwepemc te Qelmucw Mining Policy, BC
    • Tsilhqot’in First Nation. 2014, Tsilhqot’in National Government Mining Policy, BC
    • Kasabonika First Nation. 2007, Traditional Territory Lands and Resources Planning & Development Policy, ON
    • Anishinabek First Nation. 2009, Below the Surface Anishinabek Mining Strategy, ON
    • Tahltan First Nation. 1987, Tahltan Tribal Council Resource Development Policy Statement, BC
    • Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated, 2007, Policy Concerning Uranium Mining in Nunavut, Nunavut
    • Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated, 2006, Background Paper on the NTI Uranium Policy, Nunavut
    • Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated, 1997, Mining Policy, Nunavut
    • Makivik Coporation, 2015, Nunavik Mining Policy, Nunavik
    All policies included in the evaluation were made public by the First Nations. Thank you to these Nations who provided policies for analysis.
    Keywords: Mining, Canada, First Nations, Indigenous, Land Use


    Development; Environment; Mining; Policy; Principles; Social; Sustainability;


    [1] Government of Canada. Improving and Devolving Northern Governance. 13 April 2015. <http://www.northernstrategy.gc.ca/gov/index-eng.asp>.
    [2] Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development. Northwest Territories Devolution. 24 July 2014. <https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1352398433161/1352400493640>.
    [3] Tsilhqot’in Nation v. British Columbia. No. 34986. Supreme Court of Canada. 26 June 2014.
    [4] Tamang, Parshuram. Workshop on Free, Prior and Informed Consent. New York: United Nations, 2005.
    [5] Sosa, Irene. "License to Operate: Indigenous Relations and Free Prior and Informed Consent in the Mining Industry." 2011.
    [6] Nunatsiavut Government. "Form for Preparation of a Work Plan for Mineral Exploration in Labrador Inuit Lands." 2015. Nunatsiavut Government. <http://www.nunatsiavut.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Application-for-Mineral-Exploration.pdf>.
    [7] Miller, Rob. Impacts of Tsilhqot’in Part II: Federal and Provincial Laws on Aboriginal Title Land. 15 July 2014. <http://www.millertiterle.com/what-we-say-article/provincial-laws-aboriginal-title/>.
    [8] Hart, Rosemary and Dawn Hoogeveen. Introduction to the Legal Framework for Mining in Canada. 18 July 2012. <http://www.miningwatch.ca/publications/introduction-legal-framework-mining-canada#_ftn19>.
    [9] Tahltan Nation and Government of British Columbia. Shared Decision Making Agreement between the Tahltan Nation and The Province of British Columbia. British Columbia, 2013.
    [10] Council, Northern Shuswap Tribal. First Nations Establish Clear Mining Policy and Rules for Resource Companies. 1 December 2014. <http://northernshuswaptribalcouncil.com/?page_id=177>.
    [11] Laplante, JP. Lands. 2014. <http://www.tsilhqotin.ca/Lands/Mining.htm>.
    [12] Makivik Corporation. Nunavik Mining Policy. 2015. <http://www.makivik.org/current/nunavik-mining-policies/>.
    [13] Larbi, Youcef, Marlene MacKinnon and Jack R Blacksmith. Annual Report 2013-2014. Wemindji: Cree Mineral Exploration Board, 2014.
    [14] Nunavummiut Makitagunarningit. Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated’s Uranium Policy. 2011. <https://makitanunavut.wordpress.com/nunavut-tunngavik-incorporateds-uranium-policy/>.
    [15] McCluskey, Kerry. NTI and RIAs drafting uranium mining policy. 15 May 2006. <https://makitanunavut.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/may-15-2006-press-release.pdf>.

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    Cite this article as:

    Zimmerling S. Review of Canadian Indigenous Mining Policy Frameworks. In: Kongoli F, Veiga MM, Anderson C, editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2015 Volume 4: Meech Intl. Symp. / Mining Operations. Volume 4. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2015. p. 75-84.