2015-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2015 Volume 6: Coatings, Cement, Rare Earth & Ferro-alloys

Editors:Kongoli F, Yildirim H, Hainer S, Hofmann K, Proske T, Graubner C.A., Albert B
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2015
Pages:200 pages
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
< CD shopping page

    Optimization of Refractory Linings in Ferroalloy Production

    Christine Wenzl1; Alfred Spanring1;
    1RHI AG, Vienna, Austria;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 249
    Topic: 12


    High intensity processes and new furnace designs, as well as adaptations of existing processes (e.g., due to changes in ore quality), present a challenge for metallurgists and equipment suppliers, including refractory producers. The refractory lining is a main factor for safe and economic furnace operation as it provides the main barrier between hot molten phases and the environment - a failure not only can lead to equipment damages, but it also presents a risk for the operating personnel. RHI has been providing high quality refractories and complete lining solutions for ferroalloy vessels for many years. Continuous improvement and development, as well as expert knowledge of metallurgy and equipment, are key factors for dealing with new process and design challenges. The present paper provides an overview of optimization potentials in ferroalloy linings and RHI's approach to providing functional and comprehensive refractory solutions.


    Ferro-Alloys; Furnace; Production; Smelting;


    [1] Stainless Steel in Figures 2014. International Stainless Steel Forum (ISSF), available online: www.worldstainless.org/Files/ISSF/non-image-files/PDF/ISSF_Stainless_Steel_in_Figures_2014.pdf
    [2] Olsen S.E. et al.: Production of Manganese Ferroalloys. pp. 81-103, Tapir akademisk forlag, ISBN 978-82-519-2191-6, 2007
    [3] Crundwell F.k. et al.: Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum-Group Metals. pp. 49-53, Elsevier, ISBN 978-0-08-096809-4, 2011
    [4] Gasik M.: Handbook of Ferroalloys. pp, 74-78, Elsevier, ISBN 987-0-08-097753-9, 2013
    [5] C.W. Bale, et al.: FactSage Thermochemical Software and Databases. Calphad, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 189-228, 2002
    [6] Marshall H.U.: Finite Element Simulation of Refractories The Challenge. RHI Bulletin 2/2012, pp 41-44, 2012
    [7] Von der Heyde R., et al.: COMPAC SOL The Success Story Continues with Gunning Mixes and New Product Developments. RHI Bulletin 2/2012, pp. 12-16, 2012
    [8] Routschka G., H. Withnow (editors): Handbook of Refractory Materials, 4th edition. pp. 133-138, 145; Vulkan Verlag GmbH, ISBN 978-8027-3162-4, 2012
    [9] Von der Heyde R., R. Krischanitz and M. Blajs: New Sol-Bonded Product Members Gunning Experiences and Shotcasting Applications. RHI Bulletin 2/2013, pp. 13-16, 2013
    [10] Fritsch P., R. von der Heyde and R. Krischanitz: COMPAC SOL Operational Experience with the easy, fast heat-up no cement castables. RHI Bulletin 2/2011, pp. 42-45, 2011
    [11] Hochegger M., et al.: First Practical Results with COMPAC SOL A100S-15 A High-End Sol-Bonded Castable Designed for EAF Deltas. RHI Bulletin 1/2013, pp. 14-19, 2013
    [12] RHI Research Data

    Full Text:

    Click here to access the Full Text

    Cite this article as:

    Wenzl C, Spanring A. Optimization of Refractory Linings in Ferroalloy Production. In: Kongoli F, Yildirim H, Hainer S, Hofmann K, Proske T, Graubner C.A., Albert B, editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2015 Volume 6: Coatings, Cement, Rare Earth & Ferro-alloys. Volume 6. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2015. p. 113-122.