2015-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2015 Volume 7: Ionic Liquids & Energy Production

Editors:Kongoli F, Gaune-Escard M, Mauntz M, Rubinstein J, Dodds H.L.
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2015
Pages:310 pages
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
< CD shopping page

    Investigation by XPS of the Interface between Graphite Electrode and Ionic Liquid Based Electrolyte

    Catherine Santini1; Ewelina Bolimowska2; Andrea Mele3; Agilio Padua4; Helene Rouault5; Anass Benayad5; Franca Castiglione3; J. -E. Morales Ugarte6;
    1CNRS, Villeurbanne, France; 2CNRS, CEA-LITEN, Villeurbanne, France; 3DIPARTIMENTO DI CHIMICA, POLITECNICO DI MILANO, Milan, Italy; 4CNRS, Aubiere, France; 5CEA-LITEN, Grenoble, France; 6CEALITEN, Grenoble, France;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 139
    Topic: 13


    Li-ion batteries are used as the power source for nomad electronics due to their high energy density. To increase their safety and stability, the development of electrolytes based on ionic liquids (ILs) instead of flammable, organic carbonates gained a lot of attention. With graphite (Cgr) electrode, addition of organic carbonates (e.g. vinylene carbonate, VC) is essential to improve their performance due to the creation of interfacial compatibility between the Cgr and IL. Simulations of [Li+] doped ILs showed the transport of the [Li+], coordinated by four [NTf2-] is realized through [NTf2-] exchange in the first coordination shell. But the carbonate additive can destroy these ion pairs. Consequently, in IL//VC media, could VC contribute both in SEI formation and in the coordination [Li+]?
    In this work, in C1C6ImNTf2//VC(5% vol.)//LiNTf2 (1mol.L-1), we determine through {1H-7Li}, {1H-19F} (HOESY), pulsed field gradient spin-echo (PGSE) NMR experiments and simulation study, the coordination shell of [Li+], and its interface with graphite electrode through surface techniques: XPS, SEM-FIB, impedance. Then, it was tested in safe and low-cost full cell based on Cgr//LiFePO4 (LFP) at 60AC.
    Results demonstrates: i) the vicinity of [Li+] and VC in solution, ii) on Cgr surface, the presence of IL layers (<5nm), LiF peak from anion and from the relative ratio of Ncation/Nanion a higher degradation of cation.
    Keywords: ionic liquid, vinylene carbonate Li-ion batteries, interface, NMR, XPS


    Characterization; Electrochemical; Energy;


    [1] J.-M. Tarascon, M. Armand, Nature, (2001) 414
    [2] S.-Y. Bae, E-G. Shim, D-W. Kim, J. Power Sources, (2013) 1-6
    [3] J. T. Lee, N. Nitta, J. Benson, et al., Carbon, 52 (2013) 388-397
    [4] J.-K. Park, Principles and Applications of Lithium Secondary Batteries, Wiley VCH, Weinheim, (2012)
    [5] M. Holzapfel, P. Novak, C. Jost, Chem. Commun., (2004), 2098-2099
    [6] M. Holzapfel, P. Novak, A. Prodi-Schwab, F. Krumeich, A. Wursig, H. Buqa, Carbon, 43 (2005) 14881498
    [7] C. Yan, L. Zaijun, Z. Hailang, F. Yinjun, F. Xu, L. Junkang, Electrochimica Acta, 55 (2010) 47284733
    [8] H. Srour, H. Rouault, C. Santini, J. Electrochem Soc., 160 (2013), 781-785
    [9] J. Tae Lee, N. Nitta, J. Benson, A. Magasinski, Carbon 52 (2013) 388397
    [10] D. Aurbach, J.S. Gnanaraj, E. Zinigrad, M.D. Levi, M. Schmidt, J. Power Sources, 119121 (2003) 497503
    [11] S. Leroy et al., Appl. Surf. Sci., 253 (2007) 48954905
    [12] E. Markevich et al., J. Electrochem. Soc., 155 (2008) A132-A137
    [13] S. Xiong et al., J. Power Sources, 252 (2014) 150-155
    [14] E. Bolimowska, H. Rouault, C. C. Santini, 15th Topical Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry, Canada (2014)
    [15] P. Licence et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 13 (2011) 1524415255
    [16] O. Borodin, G. D. Smith and W. Henderson, J. Phys. Chem. B, 110 (2006) 16879-16886
    [17] N. Sieffert, G. Wipff, J. Phys. Chem. C, 112 (2008) 19590-19603
    [18] M. Olschewski, F. Endres, R. Gustus, M. Marschewski, O. Hofft, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 16 (2014) 25969-25977
    [19] E. F. Smith, P. Licence, Langmuir, 22 (2006) 9386-9392

    Full Text:

    Click here to access the Full Text

    Cite this article as:

    Santini C, Bolimowska E, Mele A, Padua A, Rouault H, Benayad A, Castiglione F, Ugarte J. Investigation by XPS of the Interface between Graphite Electrode and Ionic Liquid Based Electrolyte. In: Kongoli F, Gaune-Escard M, Mauntz M, Rubinstein J, Dodds H.L., editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2015 Volume 7: Ionic Liquids & Energy Production. Volume 7. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2015. p. 179-186.