2015-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2015 Volume 7: Ionic Liquids & Energy Production

Editors:Kongoli F, Gaune-Escard M, Mauntz M, Rubinstein J, Dodds H.L.
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2015
Pages:310 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-30-0
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Development of the Pyrochemical DOS Process for the Recovery of Actinides and its Application for Reprocessing of Transmutation Fuel Targets

    Eric Mendes1; Thomas Ducasse1; Jerome Serp1; Manuel Miguirditchian1; Murielle Bertrand1;
    1CEA MARCOULE, Bagnols sur Ceze, France;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 309
    Topic: 13

    Abstract:

    Pyrochemical technology using high-temperature molten salts and molten metal media presents a potential interest for an overall separation and transmutation strategy for long-lived radionuclides. Within the frame of the two French acts on radioactive waste management, a pyrochemical R&D program was launched at the CEA Marcoule in the late 90's. The developed so called DOS (Direct Oxide Solubilisation) process, based on a two- step liquid-liquid (molten salt/liquid metal) extraction, aims to demonstrate the feasibility of a group separation of actinides with sufficient decontamination from fission products.
    The first step consists of a selective reductive extraction of actinides coming from direct dissolution of oxide fuel in the molten fluoride salt, into liquid aluminium metal. The second step is the actinides back-extraction, which consists of a liquid/liquid oxidative stripping of the An from aluminium matrix into molten chloride media. The DOS process has been successfully demonstrated for treatment of oxide type fuels within the last years: the core of the process has been already assessed and the studies have shown high selectivity and a quantitative recovery of actinides.
    Within the framework of the SACSESS European research program, the present work focuses on a potential application of the DOS process for the reprocessing of MgO based CERCER transmutation targets. The behaviour of Mg was investigated regarding the solubility of MgO in the fluoride salt and then regarding Mg reductive extraction in metallic Al. The impact of Mg on the efficiency of An reductive extraction was also studied using U3O8 simulating the behaviour of MA oxides. Eventually, the validity of the DOS process was demonstrated on a Pu0.5Am0.5O2-x-MgO FUTURIX CERCER pellet synthesized at the ATALANTE facility within the framework of Eurotrans program. Substantial amount of Nd2O3 was added during the demonstration experiment in order to simulate fission products behaviour. Quantitative recovery of purified Pu and Am was achieved in a single batch experiment.

    Keywords:

    Moltensalt; Oxides; Processing; Uranium;

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    Cite this article as:

    Mendes E, Ducasse T, Serp J, Miguirditchian M, Bertrand M. Development of the Pyrochemical DOS Process for the Recovery of Actinides and its Application for Reprocessing of Transmutation Fuel Targets. In: Kongoli F, Gaune-Escard M, Mauntz M, Rubinstein J, Dodds H.L., editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2015 Volume 7: Ionic Liquids & Energy Production. Volume 7. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2015. p. 225-226.