2015-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2015 Volume 8: Composite & Ceramic, Quasi-crystals and Nanomaterials

Editors:Kongoli F, Pech-Canul M, Kalemtas A, Werheit H
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2015
Pages:300 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-31-7
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Multilayer Thermal Neutron Detectors Based on Boron Nitride Ceramics

    Michael Roth1;
    1THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM, Jerusalem, Israel;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 65
    Topic: 18

    Abstract:

    Polycrystalline hexagonal boron nitride (BN) or mixed with boron carbide (BxC) embedded in an insulating polymeric matrix acting as a binder and forming a composite material as well as pure polycrystalline BN have been tested as thermal neutron converters in a multilayer neutron detector design. Metal sheet electrodes were covered with 20 to 50 microns thick layers of composite material and assembled in a multi-layer sandwich configuration. High voltage was applied to the metal electrodes to create an interspacing electric field. The spacing volume could be filled with air, nitrogen or argon. Thermal neutrons were captured in converter layers due to the presence of the 10B isotope. The resulting nuclear reaction produced alpha-particles and 7Li ions which ionized the gas in the spacing volume. Electron-ion pairs were collected by the field to create an electrical signal proportional to the intensity of the neutron source. The detection efficiency of the multilayer neutron detectors is found to increase with the number of active converter layers. Pixel structures of such neutron detectors necessary for imaging applications and incorporation of internal moderator materials for field measurements of fast neutron flux intensities are discussed as well.

    Keywords:

    Ceramic; Characterization; Coatings; Composites; Crystallization; Electrical; Optimization;

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    Cite this article as:

    Roth M. Multilayer Thermal Neutron Detectors Based on Boron Nitride Ceramics. In: Kongoli F, Pech-Canul M, Kalemtas A, Werheit H, editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2015 Volume 8: Composite & Ceramic, Quasi-crystals and Nanomaterials. Volume 8. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2015. p. 215-216.