2015-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2015 Volume 9: Physics, Advanced Materials, Multifunctional Materials

Editors:Kongoli F, Dubois JM, Gaudry E, Fournee V, Marquis F
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2015
Pages:275 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-32-4
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Preparation of Nanostructured Lead Oxide with Carbon for Application of High-Performance Lead Acid Battery

    Yuchen Hu1; Junxiong Wang1; Wei Zhang1; Vasant Kumar2; Jiakuan Yang1;
    1HUAZHONG UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST), Wuhan, China; 2UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE, Cambridge, United Kingdom (Great Britain);
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 288
    Topic: 21

    Abstract:

    Nanostructured lead oxides containing carbon were prepared in order to fabricate a lead acid battery from decomposition of lead citrate precursor (Pb3(C6H5O7)2i3H2O) which was synthesized firstly by leaching spent lead acid battery paste in aqueous citrate salt system. The effects of different parameters on particle size and morphology of the final lead oxide products were optimized. The products were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, surface area and pore size analysis and electrochemical test. The results show that the morphology of obtained carbon materials vary with the decomposition temperature. The combined lead oxide with carbon, when applied as a cathode in a lead-acid battery, is shown to be capable of conveying 30% higher energy-density and better performance during high-rate partial-state-of-charge (HRPSoC) operations compared with the traditional leady oxide made by ball-milled process. The new method has the potential for providing a possibility of manufacturing high-performance lead acid battery used for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).
    Keywords: Lead oxide; Carbon; Nanostructure; Lead acid battery; Energy-density; electrochemical test

    Keywords:

    Batteries; Environment; Materials; Waste;

    References:

    [1] Moseley, P.T., R.F. Nelson, and A.F. Hollenkamp, The role of carbon in valve-regulated leadacid battery technology. Journal of Power Sources, 2006. 157(1): p. 3-10.
    [2] Pavlov, D. and P. Nikolov, Capacitive carbon and electrochemical lead electrode systems at the negative plates of lead-acid batteries and elementary processes on cycling. Journal of Power Sources, 2013. 242: p. 380-399.
    [3] Saravanan, M., M. Ganesan, and S. Ambalavanan, A Modified Lead-Acid Negative Electrode for High-Rate Partial-State-of-Charge Applications. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2012. 159(4): p. A452-A458.
    [4] Pavlov, D. and P. Nikolov, Lead -Carbon Electrode with Inhibitor of PbSO4 Recrystallization in Lead-Acid Batteries Operating in HRPSoC Duty, in Lead-Acid Batteries and Capacitors, New Designs, and New Applications, K. Bullock, P.T. Moseley, and B.Y. Liaw, Editors. 2012, Electrochemical Soc Inc: Pennington. p. 71-82.
    [5] Saravanan, M., et al., Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Percolation Network Enhanced the Performance of Negative Electrode for Lead-Acid Battery. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2013. 160(1): p. A70-A76.
    [6] Li, L., et al., Lead citrate precursor route to synthesize nanostructural lead oxide from spent lead acid battery paste. Materials Research Bulletin, 2013. 48(4): p. 1700-1708.

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    Cite this article as:

    Hu Y, Wang J, Zhang W, Kumar V, Yang J. Preparation of Nanostructured Lead Oxide with Carbon for Application of High-Performance Lead Acid Battery. In: Kongoli F, Dubois JM, Gaudry E, Fournee V, Marquis F, editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2015 Volume 9: Physics, Advanced Materials, Multifunctional Materials. Volume 9. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2015. p. 87-92.