2015-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2015 Volume 9: Physics, Advanced Materials, Multifunctional Materials

Editors:Kongoli F, Dubois JM, Gaudry E, Fournee V, Marquis F
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2015
Pages:275 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-32-4
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Complex Metallic Alloy Surfaces: From Chemical Bonding Network to Heterogeneous Catalytic Properties

    Julian Ledieu1;
    1INSTITUT JEAN LAMOUR UMR7198 CNRS - UNIVERSITE DE LORRAINE, Nancy 54011, France;
    Type of Paper: Keynote
    Id Paper: 91
    Topic: 20

    Abstract:

    Complex Metallic Alloys (CMAs), intermetallic compounds made of at least two elements, have a crystalline structure that differs from usual alloys by the number of atoms in their unit cell and the occurrence of highly symmetric clusters as alternative structural units. Recently, quantum chemical calculations performed on several types of Al-TM (TM=Cu, Co, Fe) CMAs have highlighted the existence of specific covalent interactions within the bulk. In the case of the Al13TM4 systems, this has led to a better understanding of their physical properties and to a description of their structure as 3-D cage compounds. While well identified in the bulk materials, a question arises on how these chemical bonding networks will affect the atomic structure of CMA surfaces.
    Here, we will present recent structural investigations of complex Al-TM surfaces using both experimental and ab initio computational methods. It will be demonstrated that the surface terminations can be associated to planes present in the bulk crystal structure. For several phases, these planes remain incomplete when exposed at the surface. We will show how this reduced atomic density can be related to the presence of chemical bonding network in the materials.
    Finally, among the systems studied, some of them have been recently considered as promising candidate for the heterogeneous hydrogenation catalysis. We will discuss how their atypical surface structure could explain the catalytic properties reported in line with the site-isolation concept. We will also present the latest results on the growth of molecular thin films on these complex metallic alloy surfaces.

    Keywords:

    Alloys; Atomic; Catalysis; Characterization; Chemistry; Experiments; Molecules; Surfaces;

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    Cite this article as:

    Ledieu J. Complex Metallic Alloy Surfaces: From Chemical Bonding Network to Heterogeneous Catalytic Properties. In: Kongoli F, Dubois JM, Gaudry E, Fournee V, Marquis F, editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2015 Volume 9: Physics, Advanced Materials, Multifunctional Materials. Volume 9. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2015. p. 71-72.