2016-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2016 Volume 8: Non-ferrous, Rotary Kiln, Ferro-alloys, Rare Earth, Coal

Editors:Kongoli F, Xueyi G, Shumskiy V, Kozlov P, Capiglia C, Silva AC, Turna T
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2016
Pages:350 pages
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
CD shopping page

    Recovery of Vanadium and Chromium from Residue

    Hao Peng1; Zuohua Liu1; Changyuan Tao1;
    1CHONGQING UNIVERSITY, chongqing, China;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 227
    Topic: 6


    A residue containing 18.80 wt. % Cr and 3.11 wt. % V was obtained from a wastewater treatment plant. Experiments on vanadium and chromium leaching from the residue were carried out by sulfuric acid, sodium hydroxide. The best leaching performance was showed by the acidic leaching, in which process, the residue was leached with sulfuric acid at 90 {C for 120 min with the liquid每solid ratio of 4:1 ml.g-1. The leaching efficiency of vanadium and chromium could reach a maximum value of 90.32% and 99.31%, respectively. While in alkaline leaching process, the high selectivity for vanadium was observed. The leaching efficiency increased from 62.64% to 91.71% enhanced by an electric field. Hydrogen peroxide was also introduced to enhance the leaching process of vanadium and chromium, the leaching efficiency of vanadium and chromium could reach up to 86.49% and 98.60%, respectively.


    Extraction; Hydrometallurgical; Mineral; Recovery;


    [1] Moskalyk R R, Alfantazi A M Processing of vanadium: a review. Minerals Engineering,16 (2003), 793-805.
    [2] Zhou, X.Y., Li, C.L., Li, J., Liu, H.Z., Wu, S.Y. Leaching of vanadium from carbonaceous shale. Hydrometallurgy, 99 (2009), 97-99.
    [3] Shao, Y.H., Feng, Q.M., Chen, Y., Ou, L., Zhang, G.F., et al. Studies on recovery of vanadium from desilication residue obtained from processing of a spent catalyst. Hydrometallurgy, 96 (2009), 166-170.
    [4] Sandra, V., Mauriz ia, S., Sara, F., Cristina, B. Recovery of vanadium from heavy oil and Orimulsion fly ashes. Hydrometallurgy, 57(2000), 141-149.
    [5] Navarro, R., Guzman, J., Saucedo, I., Revilla, J. and Guibal, E. Vanadium recovery from oil fly ash by leaching, precipitation and solvent extraction processes. Waste Management, 27 (2007), 425-438.
    [6] Vitolo S., Seggiani M., Falaschi F. Recovery of vanadium from a previously burned heavy oil fly ash. Hydrometallurgy, 62 (2001), 145-150.
    [7] Rocchetti, L., Fonti, V., Veglio, F. and Beolchini, F. An environmentally friendly process for the recovery of valuable metals from spent refinery catalysts. Waste Management & Research, 31(2013), 568-576.
    [8] Chen, Y., Feng, Q., Shao, Y., Zhang, G., Ou, L. et al. Investigations on the extraction of molybdenum and vanadium from ammonia leaching residue of spent catalyst. International Journal of Mineral Processing, 79 (2006), 42-48.
    [9] Mazurek K. Recovery of vanadium, potassium and iron from a spent vanadium catalyst by oxalic acid solution leaching, precipitation and ion exchange processes. Hydrometallurgy, 134-135 (2013), 26-31.
    [10] Du J., Wang N., Tao C. Microwave-aided roasting for extraction of vanadium from stone coal. CHEMICAL INDUSTRY AND ENGINEERING PROGRESS, 29 (2010), 494-497.
    [11] Voglauer B, Grausam A, J顤gl H P Reaction-kinetics of the vanadium roast process using steel slag as a secondary raw material. Minerals Engineering 17 (2004), 317-321.
    [12] Liu Z., Nueraihemaiti A., Lian X. Air strengthening of hydrometallurgy process for leaching vanadium from converter slag. CIESC Journal, 65 (2014), 3464-3469.
    [13] Chen, X.Y., Lan, X.Z., Zhang, Q.L. Leaching vanadium by high concentration sulfuric acid from stone coal. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 20 (2010), 123-126.
    [14] Tao C., Xiao C., Liu Z. Microwave-assisted leaching of vanadium from vanadium slag with sulfuric acid. CHEMICAL INDUSTRY AND ENGINEERING PROGRESS, 29 (2010), 690-694.
    [15] Wei Wang Continuous determination of vanadium and chromium in steel and alloy. Advanced Measurement and Laboratory Management, (2007), 9-10.
    [16] Bodas M G Hydrometallurgical treatment of zinc silicate ore from Thailand. Hydrometallurgy, 40 (1996), 37-49.
    [17] Yang K., Zhang X., Tian X. Leaching of vanadium from chromium residue. Hydrometallurgy, 103 (2010), 7-11.
    [18] Peng H., Liu Z., Tao C. Selective leaching of vanadium from chromium residue intensified by electric field. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 3 (2015), 1252-1257.
    [19] Liu Z., Nueraihemaiti A., Chen M. Hydrometallurgical leaching process intensified by an electric field for converter vanadium slag. Hydrometallurgy, 155 (2015), 56-60.
    [20] Liu Z., Li Y., Du J. Selective leaching of vanadium slag enhanced by electric field. Journal of Rare Earths, 30 (2012), 906-910.
    [21] Liu, Z., Li, Y., Zhou, X., Du, J., Tao, C. Research Progress of Electro-Oxidation Intensification Leaching for Refractory Ore. Advanced Material Research, 236-238 (2010), 775-780.

    Full Text:

    Click here to access the Full Text

    Cite this article as:

    Peng H, Liu Z, Tao C. Recovery of Vanadium and Chromium from Residue. In: Kongoli F, Xueyi G, Shumskiy V, Kozlov P, Capiglia C, Silva AC, Turna T, editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2016 Volume 8: Non-ferrous, Rotary Kiln, Ferro-alloys, Rare Earth, Coal. Volume 8. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2016. p. 255-262.