2016-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2016 Volume 9: Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids, Energy Production

Editors:Kongoli F, Gaune-Escard M, Turna T, Mauntz M, Dodds H.L.
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2016
Pages:390 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-24-9
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
CD-SIPS2016_Volume1
CD shopping page

    The thermal decomposition of sodium carbonate and calcium carbonate in molten sodium chloride and the molten salt synthesis (MSS) of sodium silicate and calcium silicate.

    Rashed Sheikh1; Stefaan Simons1; Daniel Brett1; Marcelle Gaune-Escard2;
    1UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON, London, United Kingdom (Great Britain); 2AIX-MARSEILLE UNIVERSITE/POLYTECH, CNRS/IUSTI UMR7343, Marseille, France;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 342
    Topic: 13

    Abstract:

    It is well-known that the global average surface temperature of the earth has risen by ~0.8'C during the 20th century. This can be attributed to an increase in quantities of greenhouse gases (GHG's) in the atmosphere, arising from anthropogenic sources and changing land use. This temperature rise has been linked to major catastrophes, such as hurricanes, heat waves, floods, droughts, evaporation of lakes, rising sea levels and melting of ice glaciers. One of the main contributors to GHG emissions are energy-intensive industries (EIIs), such as the cement process. This process emits between 0.65-0.92 kg tonne-1 of carbon dioxide (CO2) of cement, and accounts for 5% of global CO2 emissions annually. This is mainly due to the high temperatures required to achieve its process conditions (~1500C), emitting CO2 directly (from limestone decomposition) or indirectly (through electricity usage). One method of reducing such emissions could be molten salt synthesis (MSS), which involves dissolving reactants in a molten salt and reacting in solution. MSS has proven to be an alternative route to many compounds; therefore in our project we investigated the synthesis of the cementitious compounds; calcium metasilicate (Ca2SiO4) and sodium metasilicate (Na2SiO3) in sodium chloride (NaCl). Our results suggested a-Ca2SiO4 and a-Na2SiO3 could be produced at 830C, however other compounds such as Ca3SiO5 required higher temperatures (>1100C). The dissolution of the reactants; silicon dioxide (SiO2), calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) in molten NaCl were also investigated at 830C and our results suggested that Na2CO3 and CaCO3 decomposed to CO2, calcium oxide (CaO) and sodium oxide (Na2O), and SiO2 only dissolved with a limited solubility. This suggests that molten salts could be suitable media to reducing CO2 emissions from such processes and hence improve the overall energy requirement. These MSS reactions were also depicted on predominance diagrams, to illustrate how these compounds could be produced using electrolytic methods.

    Keywords:

    molten salt synthesis; cement; CO2; carbon dioxide;

    Full Text:

    Click here to access the Full Text

    Cite this article as:

    Sheikh R, Simons S, Brett D, Gaune-Escard M. The thermal decomposition of sodium carbonate and calcium carbonate in molten sodium chloride and the molten salt synthesis (MSS) of sodium silicate and calcium silicate.. In: Kongoli F, Gaune-Escard M, Turna T, Mauntz M, Dodds H.L., editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2016 Volume 9: Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids, Energy Production. Volume 9. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2016. p. 173-174.