2016-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2016 Volume 9: Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids, Energy Production

Editors:Kongoli F, Gaune-Escard M, Turna T, Mauntz M, Dodds H.L.
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2016
Pages:390 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-24-9
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    The production of graphene-based nanomaterials and the application of economic models.

    Rashed Sheikh1; Gareth Peters1; Marcelle Gaune-Escard2; Carsten Schwandt3;
    1UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON, London, United Kingdom (Great Britain); 2AIX-MARSEILLE UNIVERSITE/POLYTECH, CNRS/IUSTI UMR7343, Marseille, France; 3UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE, Cambridge, United Kingdom (Great Britain);
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 343
    Topic: 13

    Abstract:

    Graphene-based nanomaterials (NM) such as graphene and carbon nanotubes (CNT’s), both single-walled (SWCNT’s) and multi-walled (MWCNT’s) are evoking a new industrial revolution due to the requirement for denser and stronger materials with higher surface areas, which makes them useful for electronics, optoelectronics, chemical sensors and energy storage devices. These materials are based upon carbon, which has the ability to form to form complex molecular structures and/or stable allotropes of varying size and shape, thus providing them with unique electrical, thermal, optical and mechanical properties. Graphene-based NMs can be produced using a variety of methods including chemical vapour deposition (CVD), arc discharge, exfoliation and laser ablation and more recently molten salt electrolysis, however their global market is estimated to be reasonably small, with graphene at ~US$50 million (in 2016) and CNT’s at ~US$350 million (in 2014), in comparison to other sectors, such as cement, at ~US$237 billion (in 2011). This has been linked to their high costs, for example graphene is currently sold at ~$200 kg-1, SWCNT’s at ~$200 g-1 and MWCNT’s at ~$100 g-1 (in 2016) at reasonably high purities. However the steady rise in publications and patents for such materials supports the realization that if costs are lowered, the market share can increase. Therefore the objective of this article is to predict the future costs of these materials using economic models and investigate the strategic interaction between major manufacturers in the current market to help with their decision-making processes.

    Keywords:

    Graphene-based nanomaterials; graphene; carbon nanotubes;

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    Cite this article as:

    Sheikh R, Peters G, Gaune-Escard M, Schwandt C. The production of graphene-based nanomaterials and the application of economic models.. In: Kongoli F, Gaune-Escard M, Turna T, Mauntz M, Dodds H.L., editors. Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2016 Volume 9: Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids, Energy Production. Volume 9. Montreal(Canada): FLOGEN Star Outreach. 2016. p. 175-176.