2017-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2017 Volume 1. Barrios Intl. Symp. / Non-ferrous Smelting & Hydro/Electrochemical Processing

Editors:Kongoli F, Palacios M, Buenger T, Meza JH, Delgado E, Joudrie MC, Gonzales T, Treand N
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2017
Pages:264 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-61-4
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Geotechnical Characterization and Evaluation of the Behavior of a Filtered Residue from the Production of Alumina (red mud) stored as densified landfill.

    Manoela Neves1;
    1PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDADE CATOLICA DO RIO DE JANEIRO, RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 167
    Topic: 37

    Abstract:

    Considering the reduction of environmental impacts and the need to make the best use of available waste disposal areas, mining beneficiation industries have invested in innovative techniques to improve the behavior of the waste generated. This experimental study reports the behavior of a residue from the production of alumina dewatered by filter press and also its geotechnical behavior when densified. This work used the Filter Press, which is a device that retains the solid part forming compact and high percentage of solids and saturation degree. Studies of the characteristics and behavior of the filtered residue were made to find the best and most safe form of disposal, seeking the best use of available areas. An experimental landfill with the press filter residue was carried out in order to store the material, collecting samples and, therefore, testing the compaction conditions in each layer performed. The experimental landfill was divided into 3 lanes, lane 1 with 5 layers of 30 cm, lane 2 with 4 layers of 40 cm and lane 3 with 4 layers of 50 cm of thickness. The layers had different combinations of numbers of passes and humidity relative to optimal humidity. Laboratory tests (Characterization, Compaction, CIU / UU / PN Triaxial, oedometer and Permeability) were carried out on deformed samples of the residue, collected at the exit of the filter press, and in undisturbed samples obtained in the areas of the experimental landfill it was observed that the moisture content obtained in the residue at the exit of the filter press is 2% lower than the optimum moisture content of the material, being favorable to promote its compaction in the arrangement. When compacted, the residue presents low permeability, in the order of 10-6 to 10-8 m / s, these results being obtained in molded test bodies varying the degree of compaction between 85% and 100% and the moisture content Varying -2% to + 6% in relation to the optimal humidity. Resistance parameters were also assessed by UU triaxial tests (non-densified and non-drained) in unsaturated samples. Through the results showed in the field in all cases a growth of specific dry weight and degree of compaction (GC) with the number of passes. The humidity of 4% above the optimum is the limit to have acceptable GC, for any layer thickness within this humidity range (-1.0 to + 4.0%) the minimum number of 8 passes.

    Keywords:

    Electro Winning of Aluminium ; red mud; press filter; geotechnical characterization; experimental landfill;

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    Cite this article as:

    Neves M. (2017). Geotechnical Characterization and Evaluation of the Behavior of a Filtered Residue from the Production of Alumina (red mud) stored as densified landfill.. In Kongoli F, Palacios M, Buenger T, Meza JH, Delgado E, Joudrie MC, Gonzales T, Treand N (Eds.), Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2017 Volume 1. Barrios Intl. Symp. / Non-ferrous Smelting & Hydro/Electrochemical Processing (pp. 263-264). Montreal, Canada: FLOGEN Star Outreach