2017-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2017 Volume 1. Barrios Intl. Symp. / Non-ferrous Smelting & Hydro/Electrochemical Processing

Editors:Kongoli F, Palacios M, Buenger T, Meza JH, Delgado E, Joudrie MC, Gonzales T, Treand N
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2017
Pages:264 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-61-4
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Novel Design of Ferronickel Smelting Slag by Utilizing Red Mud as a Fluxing Agent: Thermochemical Computations and Experimental Confirmation

    Hyunsik Park1; Byung-soo Kim1; Jae-cheon Lee1;
    1KOREA INSTITUTE OF GEOSCIENCE AND MINERAL RESOURCES (KIGAM), Daejeon, Korea (Republic of [South] Korea);
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 194
    Topic: 6

    Abstract:

    The effect of red mud on the melting behavior of ferronickel slag was investigated in a laboratory-scale horizontal tube furnace. Melting and softening of slag samples fluxed with different amounts of red mud were examined by an in-situ visualization technique in the temperature ranges from 1673 K to 1823 K. FactSage˘a 7.0 was used to perform thermodynamic calculations of the multi-component system of ferronickel slag and red mud. The liquid phase area was extended to lower temperatures by adding red mud, and this implied that red mud was an excellent flux. The primary solid phase field was confirmed to be dependent on the red mud content from X-ray diffraction measurements. Microscopic observations using a scanning electron microscope (SEM-EDX) confirmed that the primary solid phase changed from olivine to spinel with the addition of red mud.

    Keywords:

    Ferronickel; Non-Ferrous; Slag; Smelting; Waste;

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    Cite this article as:

    Park H, Kim B, Lee J. (2017). Novel Design of Ferronickel Smelting Slag by Utilizing Red Mud as a Fluxing Agent: Thermochemical Computations and Experimental Confirmation. In Kongoli F, Palacios M, Buenger T, Meza JH, Delgado E, Joudrie MC, Gonzales T, Treand N (Eds.), Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2017 Volume 1. Barrios Intl. Symp. / Non-ferrous Smelting & Hydro/Electrochemical Processing (pp. 109-110). Montreal, Canada: FLOGEN Star Outreach