2017-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2017 Volume 2. Dodds Intl. Symp. / Energy Production

Editors:Kongoli F, Buhl A, Turna T, Mauntz M, Williams W, Rubinstein J, Fuhr PL, Morales-Rodriguez M
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2017
Pages:306 pages
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
CD shopping page

    Experimental Investigation of Different Immiscible Water Alternating Gas (IWAG) Schemes towards Optimization of Displacement Efficiency

    Abdollah Esmaeili1; Mohammad Abdalla Ayoub2;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 15
    Topic: 17


    The world continues to rely heavily on hydrocarbon resources for energy. While the demand for these resources is steadily rising, the discovery of new reserves is becoming more challenging. Therefore new ways of enhancing recovery from matured and producing reservoirs must be found in order to recover more oil from these reservoirs. Recently, there has been greater interest in enhanced oil recovery techniques that can improve overall recovery by increasing both the displacement efficiency and the sweep efficiency. This study seeks to investigate, at laboratory conditions, the improvement in ultimate oil recovery when immiscible water alternating gas (IWAG) injection is use as an enhanced recovery method. Synthetic brine simulating formation water from offshore Malaysia will be prepared and three WAG injection tests each proceeded by either water or gas injection will be carried out on three sandstone core plugs in the laboratory. The expected results from this project will show the amount of additional recovery of original oil in place (OOIP) using IWAG injection after secondary water or gas injection.


    [1] Austad, T., S. Strand, E.J. Hognesen, P. Zhang, "Seawater as IOR Fluid in Fractured Chalk/ Paper SPE 93000 presented at SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, 2-4 February 2005, The Woodlands, Texas.
    [2] Austad, T.; RezaeiDoust, A.; Puntervold, T. Chemical mechanism of low salinity water flooding in sandstone reservoirs. Paper SPE 129767-PP presented at the Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, OK, April 24-28, 2010.
    [3] Anderson, W.G., 1986," Wettability Literature Survey Part 1: Rock/oil/brine interactions and the effects of core handling on wettability" JPT (Oct. 1986).
    [4] Alotaibi, M.B., and Nasr-El-Din, H.A. 2009a, Chemistry of Injection Water and its Impact on Oil Recovery in Carbonate and Clastic Formations. Paper SPE 121565 presented at the International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, The Woodlands, Texas, 20-22 April.
    [5] Alotaibi, M.B., and Nasr-El-Din, H.A. 2009b, Salinity of Injection Water and Its Impact on Oil Recovery. Paper SPE 121569 presented at the SPE EUROPEC/EAGE Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 8-11 June.
    [6] Aguilera, R.: Naturally Fractured Reservoirs, PennWell Publishing Company, Tulsa, OK, ISBN 0-87814-449-8, 1995.
    [7] Abdulrazag Y. Zekri", et al , "United Arab University, "Al-Fateh Univrsity, " Effect of EOR technology on Wettability and Oil Recovery of Carbonate and Sandstone Formation"International Petroleum Technology Conference held in Bangkok, Thailand, 7-9 February 2012.
    [8] Bazin, B. and j. Labrid, Ion exchange and dissolution/precipitation modeling: application to the injection of aqueous fluids into reservoir sandstone. SPE production engineering, 1991: p. 233-238.
    [9] Boussour, S., M. Cissokho, et al. (2009). Oil recovery by low salinity brine injection: Laboratory results on outcrop and reservoir cores. Paper SPE 124277 presented at the 2009 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition held in New Orleans. Louisiana. USA. 4-7 Oct 2009.
    [10] Burgos, W. D., N. Pisutpaisal, et al. (2002). "Adsorption of quinoline to kaolinite and montmorillonite", Environmental engineering science 19(2): 59-68.
    [11] Cissokho, M., S. Boussour, et al. (2009). Low salinity oil recovery on clayey sanstone: Experimental study. Paper SCA2009-05 presented at the International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts held in Noordwiik. Netherlands. 27-30 September 2009.
    [12] Coskuner G., 1992, Shell Canada Ltd., An Investigation of Sweep Efficiency Improvement for Tertiary Miscible Oil Recovery, paper # (92-11), Petroleum Society of Canada, Annual Technical Meeting, Jun 7- 10, 1992, Calgary, Alberta.
    [13] Green D.W. and Willhite G.P.:, "Enhanced Oil Recovery", SPE Text Book Series vol. 6, 1998.
    [14] Kumar, M., Fogden, A., Morrow, N. R., and Buckley, J.S.," Mechanisms of Improved Oil Recovery from Sandstone by Low Salinity Flooding," paper presented at International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts held in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 4-7 October, 2010.
    [15] Kharrat. R. SPE, Petroleum University of Technology, S. Mahdavi, SPE, PUT Research Center, Davood Ghorbani, SPE, Denbury Resources “A Comprehensive EOR Study of a Highly Fractured Matured Field-Case Study” Paper SPE 153311 Presented at the EAGE Annual Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE Europec held in Copenhagen. Denmark. 4-7 June 2012.
    [16] Ligthelm, D. J.; Gronsveld, J.; Hofman, J. P.; Brussee, N. J.; Marcelis, F.; van der Linde, JHL A Novel water flooding strategy by manipulation of injection brine composition. Paper SPE 119835 presented at the 2009 SPE EUROPEC/EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2009.
    [17] Lager, A., Webb, K.J., Black, C.J.J., Singleton, M. and Sorbie, K.S., 2008. Low salinity oil recovery – an experimental investigation. Petrophysics, 49(1): 28-35.
    [18] Lager, A., Webb, K.J., Collins, I.R. and Richmond, D.M., 2008. LoSal™ enhanced oil recovery: Evidence of enhanced oil recovery at the reservoir scale. Paper SPE 113976 presented at the 2008 SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, OK, USA, 19-23 April. 32
    [19] Lager, A.; Webb, K. J.; Black, C.J.J. Impact of brine chemistry on oil recovery. Paper A24 presented at the 14th European Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Cairo, Egypt, 2007.
    [20] Lake, L.W.: Enhanced Oil Recovery, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliff, NJ, 1989.
    [21] McGuire, P.L, SPE, J.R. Chatham, F.K. Paskvan, D.M. Sommer, SPE, F.H. Carini, "Low Salinity Oil Recovery: An Exciting New EOR Opportunity for Alaska's North Slope,*' Paper SPE 93903 presented at SPE Western Regional Meeting, Mar 30 - Apr 01,2005. Irvine, California.
    [22] Morrow, N. R., Valat, M., and Yildiz, H., “Effect of Brine Composition On Recovery of an Alaskan Crude Oil By Waterflooding." Paper SPE 9694 presented at Annual Technical Meeting, Jun 10 - 12. 1996 , Calgary, Alberta.
    [23] Nabipour, M., Escrochi, M., Ayatollahi S., Boukadi F., Wadhahi M., Maamari R., Bemani A.: “Laboratory investigation of thermally-assisted gas–oil gravity drainage for secondary and tertiary oil recovery in fractured models” Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering (2007) 55 .74–82.
    [24] Papay, J.: Development of petroleum reservoirs, Akademiai Kiado Publishers, Budapest, Hungary, ISBN 963-05-7917-8, 2003
    [25] Pu, H., Xie, X., Yin, P, and Morrow, N.R. 2010. Low Salinity Watcr flooding and Mineral Dissolution, Paper SPE 134042 pre-sented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, 19-22 September, doi: 10.2118/134042-MS.
    [26] Patil, S., Dandekar, A.Y., Patil, S.L, and Khataniar, S. 2008. Low Salinity Brine Injection for EOR on Alask North Slope (ANS), Paper IPTC 12004 presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Kuala Lumpur, 3-5 December, doi:10.2523/12004-MS.
    [27] RezaeiDoust, A., Puntervold, T., Strand, S. and Austad, T., 2009. Smart Water as Wettability Modifier in Carbonate and Sandstone: A Discussion of Similarities/Differences in the Chemical Mechanisms. Energy' & Fuels, 23(9): 4479- 4485.
    [28] RezaeiDoust, A., Puntervold, T., and Austad, T. 2010a. A Discussion of the Low Salinity EOR Potential for a North Sea Sandstone Field, Paper SPE 134459 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, 19-22 September, doi: 10.2118/134459-MS.
    [29] RezaeiDoust, A., Puntervold, T, and Austad, T. 2010b. Low Salinity Flooding in Sandstones: Experimental evidence for a chemically induced pH gradient at the water-clay interface. Presented at 11th International Symposium on Evaluation of Wettability and Its Effect on Oil Recovery, Calgary, 6-9 September.
    [30] Seccombe, J. et al. 2008. Improving Wateilood Recovery: LoSal™ EOR Field Evaluation, Paper SPE 113480 presented at the SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, 19-23 April.
    [31] Skauge, A. Microscopic diversion - A new EOR technique. In The 29th IEA Workshop & Symposium, Beijing, China, 2008.
    [32] Schramm, L.L. and Kutay, S.M. (2000), 'Structure/Performance Relationships for Surfactant Stabilized Foams in Porous Media', Paper Presented at the Petroleum Society's Canadian International Petroleum Conference. June 4-8, 2000. Calgary, Alberta, Canada, Paper No. 2000-64.
    [33] Tang, G.-Q. and Morrow, N.R., 1999a. Influence of brine composition and fines migration on crude oil/brine/rock interactions and oil recovery. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 24: 99-111.
    [34] Tang, G. and Morrow, N.R., 1999b. Oil recovery by water flooding and imbibitions - Invading brine cation valency and salinity, Paper SCA9911 presented at the International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts, Golden, CO, USA, 1- 4 Aug 1999.
    [35] Thigpen, D.R., Lawson, J.B., and Nelson, R.C., 1991, Preformed Surfactant-Optimized Aqueous Alkaline Flood, U.S. Pat. No. 5,068,043.
    [36] Ursin, J.-R., Zolotukhin, A. B.,1997, Introduction to Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, Hoyskole forlaget AS.
    [37] Valdya, R.N. and U.S. Fogler, "Fines migration and formation damage: influence of pi I and ion exchange,” SPF production engineering, 1992. 19413: p. 325-330.

    Full Text:

    Click here to access the Full Text

    Cite this article as:

    Esmaeili A and Abdalla Ayoub M. (2017). Experimental Investigation of Different Immiscible Water Alternating Gas (IWAG) Schemes towards Optimization of Displacement Efficiency. In Kongoli F, Buhl A, Turna T, Mauntz M, Williams W, Rubinstein J, Fuhr PL, Morales-Rodriguez M (Eds.), Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2017 Volume 2. Dodds Intl. Symp. / Energy Production (pp. 234-250). Montreal, Canada: FLOGEN Star Outreach