2017-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2017 Volume 2. Dodds Intl. Symp. / Energy Production

Editors:Kongoli F, Buhl A, Turna T, Mauntz M, Williams W, Rubinstein J, Fuhr PL, Morales-Rodriguez M
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2017
Pages:306 pages
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Measuring Quantities of Flared Gas in Middle East

    Irene Mabafokeng Masitha1;
    1UNIVERSITY OF THE WITWATERSRAND (WITS), Johannesburg, South Africa (zuid Afrika);
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 305
    Topic: 17


    One of the challenges involved in addressing environmental aspects of flaring and venting is identifying how much gas is being released. All oilfields contain associated gas. Much like the same way that bubbles appear when the cap is removed from a bottle of carbonated drink, the associated gas is released when oil is brought up from the deep rock strata in which it is found. The proportion of associated gas to oil (the so-called GOR or Gas Oil Ratio) can vary significantly between oilfields. Moreover, in some oilfields, the GOR increases as more and more oil is produced, while in others it can reduce with time. Consequently, the amount of gas which must be dealt with can vary dramatically from year to year between oilfields and even within a specific oilfield. Some or all of this associated gas may have to be flared or vented. Oil and gas production systems can be complex. The gas eventually reaching the flare or vent can come by means of a gathering system from a variety of sources - pressure relief systems, maintenance related depressurizing systems, etc. Many of these systems supply gas to the gathering system, often only sporadically. A major difficulty in managing flaring and venting is identifying exactly how much gas is coming from the various sources that are contributing to the overall volume flared and vented. There is debate within the industry regarding the extent to which it is possible to measure gas flow rates accurately under such varied conditions with the measuring devices presently available on the market.


    Energy; Gas; Oil; Reservoirs;


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    Mabafokeng Masitha I. (2017). Measuring Quantities of Flared Gas in Middle East. In Kongoli F, Buhl A, Turna T, Mauntz M, Williams W, Rubinstein J, Fuhr PL, Morales-Rodriguez M (Eds.), Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2017 Volume 2. Dodds Intl. Symp. / Energy Production (pp. 200-205). Montreal, Canada: FLOGEN Star Outreach