2017-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2017 Volume 3. Gaune-Escard Intl. Symp. / Molten Salt and Ionic Liquid

Editors:Kongoli F, Fehrmann R, Gadzuric S, Gong W, Seddon KR, Malyshev V, Iwata S
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2017
Pages:151 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-65-2
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Electrochemical Behaviors of Uranium and Lanthanide Cations in LiCl-KCl Melt Investigated by Electrochemical and Spectroscopic Methods

    Sang-Eun Bae1; Suhee Choi1; Tae-Hong Park1; Jong-Yun Kim1; Young Hwan Cho1; Jei-Won Yeon1;
    1KOREA ATOMIC ENERGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, Daejeon, Korea (Republic of [South] Korea);
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 164
    Topic: 13

    Abstract:

    Pyrochemical process has been considered as one of the options for a recycling technique of spent nuclear fuels. In the pyrochemical process, there exist a number of chemical elements, especially nuclear materials such as uranium, plutonium, and various fission products. In order to successfully accomplish the research for the pyrochemical process, accurate information on the chemical and electrochemical reactions of the elements in the molten salt should be acquired.
    A number of works have been performed to investigate the chemical and electrochemical properties of actinide and lanthanide ions in LiCl-KCl melt. It is well-known that spectroscopic tools such as UV-VIS absorption and laser induced luminescence spectroscopies as well as electrochemical tools such as cyclic voltammetry (CV) and rotating disk electrode (RDE) methods can give useful information for the chemical and electrochemical behaviors of the actinide and lanthanide ions in the solution. In this work, the spectroscopic and electrochemical methods were employed to investigate the behaviors of the elements in the LiCl-KCl melt. The oxidation state shift of the elements during electrochemical reactions of the uranium and lanthanide cations in LiCl-KCl melt was monitored by using the spectroscopic methods. Many useful electrochemical properties for the elements were collected in LiCl-KCl melt by using electrochemical methods such as CV and RDE. In particular, the RDE measurement could produce very useful parameters such as diffusion coefficients, Tafel slope, exchange current density, electron transfer coefficient, etc. In this presentation, we will show the research progress for the spectroscopic and electrochemical measurements of the actinide and lanthanide cations in the LiCl-KCl molten salt.

    Keywords:

    Chloride; Electrochemical; Electrodeposition; Lithium; Moltensalt; Potassium; Uranium;

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    Cite this article as:

    Bae S, Choi S, Park T, Kim J, Cho Y, Yeon J. (2017). Electrochemical Behaviors of Uranium and Lanthanide Cations in LiCl-KCl Melt Investigated by Electrochemical and Spectroscopic Methods. In Kongoli F, Fehrmann R, Gadzuric S, Gong W, Seddon KR, Malyshev V, Iwata S (Eds.), Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2017 Volume 3. Gaune-Escard Intl. Symp. / Molten Salt and Ionic Liquid (pp. 87-88). Montreal, Canada: FLOGEN Star Outreach