2017-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2017 Volume 5. Marquis Intl. Symp. / New and Advanced Materials and Technologies

Editors:Kongoli F, Marquis F, Chikhradze N
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2017
Pages:590 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-69-0
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Isolation and Functionalization of Nanocellulose from Lignocellulosic Fibres for Environmental Remediation and Sensor Applications

    Chin Hua Chia1;
    1UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA, BANGI, Malaysia;
    Type of Paper: Keynote
    Id Paper: 151
    Topic: 43

    Abstract:

    Many research attentions have been focused on the utilization of agricultural lignocellulose biomass for the production of value-added products due to its highly abundance, biocompatibility and biodegradability. One of our major research focuses is to extract nanocellulose from lignocellulosic biomass and further used it to produce value-added functionalized materials. Conventional acid hydrolysis method was used to isolate cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) from holocellulose of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres and kenaf core wood. While two different homogenization systems, i.e., high speed blender and Silverson mixer, were used to defibrillate holocellulose to produce cellulose nanofibrils (CNF).
    The CNF produced showed rapid adsorption behavior towards cationic dyes, in which the adsorption equilibrium was achieved within 1 min of contact time. This can be due to the high surface area and surface functionalities of the CNF. In additional, by preparing CNF with different hemicellulose contents, we confirmed that hemicellulose is the major contributor in determining the adsorption performance of CNF. Maximum adsorption capacity of the CNF was 122.2 mg/g.
    The produced CNF was also been used as template to synthesis CNF-silver nanocomposites via in situ synthesis of AgNPs approaches. The produced mixture was freeze-dried and turned into aerogels. The nanocomposites showed significant enhancement in the detection of Rhodamine B (RhB) in aqueous solution due to surface-enhanced Raman scattering effect (SERS) of the immobilized AgNPs clusters. The CNF–AgNPs nanocomposite showed sensitivity for detecting RhB at different concentration levels, ranging from 5 × 10-3 M to 5 × 10-7 M. In addition, the nanocomposites exhibited a notable catalytic effect on the degradation of RhB in the presence of sodium borohydride. These may find applications in sensors, water purification and smart materials.

    Keywords:

    Nanocomposites; Nanomaterials;

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    Cite this article as:

    Chia C. (2017). Isolation and Functionalization of Nanocellulose from Lignocellulosic Fibres for Environmental Remediation and Sensor Applications. In Kongoli F, Marquis F, Chikhradze N (Eds.), Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2017 Volume 5. Marquis Intl. Symp. / New and Advanced Materials and Technologies (pp. 185-186). Montreal, Canada: FLOGEN Star Outreach