2017-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2017 Volume 5. Marquis Intl. Symp. / New and Advanced Materials and Technologies

Editors:Kongoli F, Marquis F, Chikhradze N
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2017
Pages:590 pages
ISBN:978-1-987820-69-0
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Towards the Development of a Reactive Filter from Green Resource for Groundwater Defluoridation

    Brigitte Helmreich1; Nurudeen Abiola Oladoja2; Hakeem Bello2;
    1CHAIR OF URBAN WATER SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, Munich, Germany (Deutschland); 2HYDROCHEMISTRY LABORATORY, DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL SCIENCES, Akungba, Nigeria;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 234
    Topic: 43

    Abstract:

    In order to develop a low cost reactive filter from a green biogenic resource, the shell of a Gastropod (GS) was calcined at different temperatures and the defluoridation efficiencies of the raw and calcined GS were evaluated in a batch process. The highest defluoridation efficiency was obtained with the GS calcined at 1000 (i.e. TGS1000). The time-concentration profiles of the defluoridation process were described by the pseudo-second order kinetic equation and the Temkin equilibrium isotherm equation gave the best description of the defluoridation process in synthetic feed water and groundwater (GW) system. The determination of the effects of hydrochemistry on the defluoridation efficiency of the TGS1000 showed that variations in pH value, organic load and ionic strength had no visible influence on the magnitude and trend. Amongst the array of interfering ionic species studied, only carbonate exhibited negative impact on the defluoridation efficiency. Experimental evidences revealed that the underlying mechanisms of the defluoridation process were diverse (ionic bond formation, electrostatic attraction, ion exchange and occlusion into Ca(OH)2 framework) and not straitlaced. Groundwater (GW) defluoridation, using TGS1000, showed that the residual F- in the defluoridated water increased with initial F- concentration. The value of the monolayer Langmuir sorption capacity was lower in the GW system (qm = 6.17 mg/g) than in the synthetic feed water system (qm = 19.84 mg/g). The values of pH, electrical conductivity, Ca2+ concentrations, total hardness values were higher in the defluoridated water relative to the raw GW samples. The Mg2+ concentrations were below the detection limit and nitrate concentrations were appreciably attenuated in the treated water samples.

    Keywords:

    Biomaterials; Environment; Sustainable development; Water purification;

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    Cite this article as:

    Helmreich B, Oladoja N, Bello H. (2017). Towards the Development of a Reactive Filter from Green Resource for Groundwater Defluoridation. In Kongoli F, Marquis F, Chikhradze N (Eds.), Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2017 Volume 5. Marquis Intl. Symp. / New and Advanced Materials and Technologies (pp. 493-494). Montreal, Canada: FLOGEN Star Outreach