2017-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
SIPS 2017 Volume 5. Marquis Intl. Symp. / New and Advanced Materials and Technologies

Editors:Kongoli F, Marquis F, Chikhradze N
Publisher:Flogen Star OUTREACH
Publication Year:2017
Pages:590 pages
ISSN:2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)
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    Nano-Structured Chalcogenide Materials for Economic and Efficient Solar Energy Converters

    Yurii Vorobiov1; Iker Rodrigo Chavez-Urbiola2; Rafael Ramirez-Bon2; Pavel Vorobiev3; Francisco Javier F. J. Willars-Rodriguez2; Paul Horley3;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Id Paper: 34
    Topic: 43


    Solar energy converters based on CdS/CdTe bilayer occupy a solid position in the market of renewable energy devices (the second most abundant photovoltaic technology). The other chalcogenide semiconductors, like CdSe, PbS, PbSe and PbTe are also of great interest for solar cell applications (in some of them the multi exciton generation was observed, the other can be part of efficient multi-layered converters). These materials are not expensive contrary to III-V semiconductors normally used in multi-layered cells, and can be produced by economic and ecologically friendly techniques like CBD (Chemical Bath Deposition) and its recent versions (SILAR - Successive Ionic Layer Adsorption and Reaction, and PCBD - Photo Chemical Bath Deposition). Our purpose was to study the effects of nano-porosity that is an essential feature of these methods; the corresponding quantum confinement affects the band gap value that can be used for its monitoring thus optimizing the device efficiency. The corresponding band gap variation can be regulated by experimental conditions; for illustration, in PbS we observed the band gap variation between 0.4 and 0.8 eV. Our experimental solar cell with CdS/PbS absorbing part has the external quantum efficiency of 25 %. We also found that in Glass/ITO/CdS/CdTe/Metal solar cell nano-structurization leads to formation of two-dimensional quantum wells near interfaces ITO/CdS and CdS/CdTe causing the blue shift of electronic transitions. Analysis of the structure made by XPS and Photoluminescence has shown that the CdS/CdTe active bilayer has several potential barriers that are responsible for the photo voltage generated by illumination. In general, we conclude that the quantum confinement effects caused by nano-structurization of semiconductor films for solar energy converters improve the converters' parameters.


    Alternative energy sources; Energy; New and advanced materials; Renewable energy;


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    Vorobiov Y, Chavez-Urbiola I, Ramirez-Bon R, Vorobiev P, F. J. Willars-Rodriguez F, Horley P. (2017). Nano-Structured Chalcogenide Materials for Economic and Efficient Solar Energy Converters. In Kongoli F, Marquis F, Chikhradze N (Eds.), Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit SIPS 2017 Volume 5. Marquis Intl. Symp. / New and Advanced Materials and Technologies (pp. 264-272). Montreal, Canada: FLOGEN Star Outreach