Torem Intl. Symp/ Mineral Processing

Editors: | F. Kongoli, G. N. Anastassakis, A. Abhilash, H. R. Kota, A. G. Merma, E. Souza, C.H. Sampaio, R. Souza, M.M. Vellasco, F. Zeballos, J. Sokolovic |

Publisher: | Flogen Star OUTREACH |

Publication Year: | 2023 |

Pages: | 142 pages |

ISBN: | 978-1-989820-90-2 (CD) |

ISSN: | 2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series) |

The convergence between quantum materials properties and prototype quantum devices is especially apparent in the field of 2D materials, which offer a broad range of material’s properties, high flexibility in fabrication pathways and the ability to form artificial states of quantum matter. Along with the quantum properties and potential of 2D materials as solid- state platforms for quantum- dot qubits, single- photon emitters, superconducting qubits and topological quantum computing elements it is necessary to select the best method of preparation spinqubit nanosystems [1].

Leptons are fermions - particles with ½ and they are an important part of the Standard Model. Following the spin-statistics (spin-communication theorem) - theorem which states that one fermion can exist in a given quantum state and no two leptons of the same species can be in the same state at the same time lepton can have only two possible spin states - up or down. The charged lepton is the electron; the next lepton to be observed was the muon, which was classified as a meson at the time. After investigation, it was realized that the muon has not the expected properties of a meson, but rather behaved like an electron, but with higher mass. Another lepton the first neutrino, the electron neutrino, was proposed in order to explain certain characteristics of beta decay.

When we are choosing the particles for quantum computing we should consider that the candidate for a qubit generally needs to have the quantum properties of superposition and entanglement. There are also the main technical requirements of quantum computation which are: scalable physical systems with well characterized qubits (Zeeman Splitting); long decoherence time higher than gate operation one; existence of qubits at the ground state; set of quantum gates; measurement capabilities, etc. Leptons – fermions (electrons, protons, neutrons, muons, tauon and even neutrinos) as we know have that kind of properties. Concerning the photons – bosons particles with frequency-dependent energy collecting into the same energy state (Bose-Einstein condensation), they also could acting as a qubits because of polarization effects they characterized.[2,3]. The usefulness the other boson particles as quantum information carriers is the very interesting task current and future research works.

[2] Paata Kervalishvili. Photons, InformationTransfer and Speed of Light (Invitrd Lecture), International Conference eRA -7 The Synenergy Forum, TEIPIR, Athens, Greece, 2012.

[3] Paata J. Kervalishvili, Quantum information technology: Theory and applications. Published in: IEEE Seventh International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Information Systems (ICICIS), IEEE Xplore: 04 February 2016, DOI: 10.1109/IntelCIS.2015.7397187, Publisher: IEEE. 15p.