2016 - Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit & Exhibition
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06 - 10 November 2016, Sanya Marriott Yalong Bay Resort & Spa, Hainan-Island China
More than 520 Abstracts submitted from 80 countries - Please contact us ASAP if you want to update an abstract or a full paper.
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PLENARY LECTURES AND VIP GUESTS
Michael_Coey

Michael Coey

School of Physics

Permanent Magnets For Sustainable Energy Applications.
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Abstract:

Permanent magnets create a magnetic field in their surrounding space with no continual expenditure of energy. An electromagnet producing a flux density of 1 Tesla in a volume V = 500 cc for 10 years will consume roughly 1011 Joules of electrical energy, costing about $2000. A permanent magnet flux source does the same job for free. Although not much energy stored is in the magnetic field B2V/0 is just 200 Joules the energy is in a particularly useful form and it provides the basis of highly-efficient permanent-magnet energy converters, both electric motors and generators. The fundamental physical limits on magnet performance will be reviewed, including energy-product a figure of merit, and recent progress in magnet development will be assessed. Prospects of discovering a higher-performance magnet than Nd-Fe-B are dim, but a significant challenge is to develop a magnet with an energy product intermediate between those of Nd-Fe-B (energy product up to 450 kJm-3) and hard ferrite (energy product up to 45 kJm-3) that is economically viable in terms of raw materials costs and stability of supply. Some potential solutions will be discussed. A single application, traction motors in all-electric vehicles, could see the current demand for Nd-Fe-B of 100,000 tonnes per year triple over the next decade if a significant fraction of the 35 million cars produced annually were replaced by electric vehicles. There will be a corresponding demand for end-of-life recycling of the magnet material. Direct-drive wind turbines, and microscale energy-harvesting applications are other areas where permanent magnets offer sustainable solutions.

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